The user chooses a window in the main menu by clicking on a suitable menu text. This either leads to the opening of an answering window or makes a submenu visible. There can be several levels of sub-menus. Some menu options can be marked in grey. This indicates that the so far given input data makes it unsuitable to open the window, and in order to prevent this from happening the menu option has been deactivated. Some sub-menu options are marked with a tick, which indicates that the command is active.

The tools in the toolbar can sometimes be used for a quicker choice of windows.

The program has two program modes: Design and Analysis.

  • In Design required reinforcement for a cross-section in Ultimate Limit State will be calculated.
  • In Analysis any given cross-section with its belonging reinforcement in Ultimate and Serviceability Limit State is being analysed. Defined input data and shown results always belong to the currently active loadcase.

1625208277614-560.png


File

Contains commands for different functions such as open saved information, save new information and print. Several of the File options are identical to other Windows programs.

1625210219198-379.png

New

Starts a new calculation. The shortcut is Ctrl+N.

Open

Retrieves input data from a previous calculation. A list on saved input data files (files ending with *.ccd) is shown. The shortcut is Ctrl+O.

Open Auto Save

Retrieves input data that has been saved automatically (in the TEMP-folder). This function is normally not needed.

Close

Closes active document.

Save

Saves input data for current calculation in the file with the current file name. Save is not to be used until after having used Save as. The shortcut is Ctrl+S.

Save as

Saves input data for current calculation in a file with a file name different from the current.

Printout layout

The function of the Printout layout enables the user to give a personal touch to the printouts. The print manager is called when the option is activated. The task for the print manager is to enable the user to create a personal template for what the printout is to look like, the size of the pictures etc. or, alternatively choose the standard template that already exists within the program.

1621330717230-446.png

Choose a layout template from the list. The program comes with a layout template called Standard.

Click on the More button in order to edit current layout template or to create a new layout template.

1621330752047-353.png

A list on layout templates that can be used will now be displayed. The chosen template can be changed to the user’s requirements by clicking on the Edit button. A layout template decides the layout of the printout, i.e. what fonts, colors and so on that are to be used. The layout template named Standard is used in the example below.

1621330779384-114.png

Tables

A table can have the following appearances:

  • Table with frames
    Frames around the table where each table column is separated from nearby table column/columns with one or more perpendicular lines.
  • Table without frames
    Table divided into columns without separation lines.
  • Light gray table
    Table without frames where every other table-post has been marked with a soft grey background color to make it more distinct.
  • Custom coloured table
    This function is the same as that for Grey-white layout but the users can now choose the background color by themselves. A suitable color can be chosen from the color palette by clicking on the … button. The user can set the appearance of the table contents. By clicking on the button to the right of the Table title text the font of the table title can be chosen from a font-dialogue box. This is also valid for the column title and the table posts. Note that too big fonts can cause tables or other objects to fail to fit in the page. If this should happen the table columns, or the width of the objects, will automatically be adjusted in width without any regards to text editing. If the objects fail to fit in the page the print manager will try and create a new page hoping to find more space. This attempt can fail, depending on what personal adjustments the user has made, and the print manager will then cancel the printout generation.

Pictures

The user can set the size of the pictures by choosing one of the following options:

  • 1/1 Portrait
    Choose the 1/1 portrait option if you want the pictures to be presented in a whole page size.
  • 1/1 Landscape
    Choose the 1/1 landscape if you want the pictures to be presented lying in a whole page size. Depending on earlier printer settings, i.e. if portrait or landscape has been chosen, the print manager will switch from landscape for pictures to portrait for tables and other text material.
  • 1/2 Portrait
    Choose the 1/2 portrait option if you want the pictures to be presented in the size of a half page.
  • 1/3 Portrait
    Choose the 1/3 portrait option if you want the pictures to be presented in the size of a 1/3 of the page.
  • 1/4 Portrait
    Choose the 1/4 portrait option if you want the pictures to be presented in the size of 1/4 of the page. This option is the most economic one when thinking of the total number of generated pages. This is also the most preferable option if you want to obtain smaller printouts.
  • Picture
    Press the … button to the right of the picture text if you want to change font size of the picture title.
  • Frames
    Mark Frames if all picture objects, that are to be printed, are going to be framed.

Other

  • Company
    Press the button to the right of the company text to choose an appropriate font.
  • Section title
    Press the button to the right of the section title text in order to change the characteristics of the headings.
  • Index
    A table of contents can be obtained by marking this option. All generated objects, as well as the number of the page, on which the object has been printed, can be added to the table of contents. The user can for example set if he wants to obtain a table of contents for all printouts with more than 20 pages. The table of contents is then added at the end of the generated document.

Printout option

With Printout options the input data and the results that are to be obtained in the result window for any future printout are stated. When this option is activated a dialogue box with a list of defined load cases is shown. The printer symbol indicates that the input data and result of the load case will be shown fully or partly in the printout field.

1621257015243-353.png

Clicking on a load case makes it possible to go further in the tree structure and by this make a selective choice of what is to be shown. Three predefined options are available: LimitedNormal and Increased.

Print

Used for printing the current document. The shortcut is Ctrl+P.

Export printout to HTML format

The current printout is converted into HTML format that can be read by other Windows programs such as Word, Excel and so on.

Printer settings

This function is used to specify the printout when it comes to type of printer, paper width and so on.

Exit

Ends Concrete Section.


Input

In Input only title information can be defined. Any other input data is given in the input data field.

1625210415791-929.png

Title

Used to write general information on the current calculation.

Convert code version

With this option the user can convert between different country annexes for EuroCode.


Calculate

The calculation is being performed with the Calculate option.

When the calculation has been performed the printout field will be filled with the input data and the results that have been chosen from the printout option (see below). If dynamic reports has been chosen these will also be shown.


Options

Contains, among other things, functions for updating printouts and showing dynamic reports.

1625210672240-624.png

Update all printouts

With this function all printouts will be updated with regards to any changes.

Update all dynamic reports

Shows one or several windows with the results that have been chosen in Select dynamic reports.

1628234853450-633.png

Update only active dynamic reports

Updates only the dynamic reports currently active.

Select dynamic reports

This function defines the input and results that are to be shown dynamically when the calculation has been performed. This means that the user don’t have to search for these in the printout list.

Search paths

Used for defining paths to section database, codes and printout settings.

AutoSave

Used to automatically create a document restore-file after a 10-minute time-interval. The restored file might contain information that hasn’t been saved and would have disappeared from the original document otherwise. The restored file doesn’t replace the Save command. The sample must still be saved when the job is finished.

Change language

With this option the language can be switched between English and Swedish.

Create start profile

To create a start profile means that the number of current load cases will be connected to this profile and then automatically displayed in the load case window when this profile is chosen in the future.


Windows

Shows the current windows.

1625210849228-372.png

Cascading

This function is used for arranging the document windows that are shown in a way that makes them cascade each other.

Arrange horizontally

This function is used for arranging the currently shown document windows so that they all can be shown in full.

Side by side

This function places all open document windows side by side, so that they all can be visible at the same time.

Arrange icons

This function is used for arranging the different calculation-example icons that might be on the screen.

Concrete Section calculation1.ccd*

The * symbol shows that the window that represents the Testex1 example is active.


Help

Contains the complete manual of the program.

1625211059205-367.png

Contents

Shows the table of contents for the program’s online help.

Limitations

Informs about items not handled by the program.

Send report

Used for sending e-mail about the program to StruSoft.

License information

Shows information about the current license.

About Concrete Section

Shows information about the program, e. g. version number.